A comprehensive study with 87,000 participants reveals that excessive exposure to light at night heightens the likelihood of mental disorders, while more daylight exposure may mitigate these risks. This pivotal study highlights the significance of managing light exposure for mental health, proposing straightforward lifestyle changes for improved wellbeing.
Nighttime exposure to artificial light is associated with a greater chance of psychiatric disorders such as anxiety, bipolar disorder, PTSD, and self-harm tendencies.
Involving nearly 87,000 people, this extensive research on light exposure’s impact on mental health shows that increased nighttime light exposure is linked to higher risks of mental conditions like anxiety, bipolar disorder, PTSD, and self-harm. Notably, the research also found that more exposure to natural daylight could help reduce psychosis risks without medication.
Balancing Light Exposure: Day versus Night
Individuals exposed to high levels of nighttime light saw a 30 percent increase in depression risk, while high daytime light exposure decreased this risk by 20 percent. Similar trends were observed in self-harm, psychosis, bipolar disorder, Generalised Anxiety Disorder, and PTSD. These results suggest that avoiding night light and seeking more daylight could be a non-drug method to lessen severe mental health problems.
The study, led by Associate Professor Sean Cain from Monash University’s School of Psychological Sciences and the Turner Institute for Brain and Mental Health, is published in Nature Mental Health.
Associate Professor Cain comments on the significant societal implications of these findings.
He emphasizes the importance of understanding the impact of light exposure patterns on mental health, advocating for simple steps to optimize wellbeing through bright daylight and nighttime darkness.
This study of 86,772 UK Biobank participants examined correlations between light exposure, sleep, physical activity, and mental health. Cain notes that the effects of night light are independent of demographics, physical activity, season, and employment.
He adds that the findings remained consistent across variables like shift work, sleep patterns, urban or rural living, and cardio-metabolic health.
Modern Lighting’s Challenge to Human Biology
According to Associate Professor Cain, modern industrialized lifestyles have disrupted our natural biological systems. Our brains evolved to function optimally with bright daytime light and minimal nighttime light.
He points out that humans today defy this biology by spending about 90 percent of our time indoors under artificial lighting, which is dimmer during the day and brighter at night compared to natural light cycles. This disrupts our bodily systems and affects our health.
Reference: “Day and night light exposure are associated with psychiatric disorders: an objective light study in >85,000 people” by Angus C. Burns et al., 9 October 2023, Nature Mental Health. DOI: 10.1038/s44220-023-00135-8
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Light Exposure Mental Health
Does nighttime light exposure affect mental health?
Yes, excessive exposure to nighttime light has been linked to a higher risk of psychiatric disorders such as anxiety, bipolar disorder, PTSD, and tendencies toward self-harm.
How does daylight exposure impact mental health?
Increased exposure to natural light during the day can reduce the risk of mental health issues like depression and anxiety, offering a non-pharmacological approach to improving mental wellbeing.
What was the scale of the study on light exposure and mental health?
The study involved nearly 87,000 participants, making it one of the largest studies to explore the effects of light exposure on mental health.
Can lifestyle changes in light exposure patterns improve mental health?
Yes, simple lifestyle adjustments like reducing artificial light exposure at night and increasing exposure to natural light during the day can be effective in reducing serious mental health issues.
Who led the groundbreaking study on light exposure and mental health?
The study was led by Associate Professor Sean Cain from the Monash School of Psychological Sciences and the Turner Institute for Brain and Mental Health.
What are some key findings of the study on light exposure?
The study found that high amounts of night light exposure increased the risk of depression by 30%, while high daylight exposure decreased this risk by 20%. It also highlighted the importance of balancing light exposure for mental health.
How does modern lighting affect our biological systems?
Modern, industrialized lifestyles with excessive indoor artificial lighting, which is often too dim during the day and too bright at night, disrupt our natural biological systems evolved for bright daylight and minimal night light.
More about Light Exposure Mental Health
- Nature Mental Health Study
- Light Exposure and Mental Health Research
- Sean Cain’s Study on Light Exposure
- Nighttime Light and Psychiatric Disorders
- Daylight Exposure and Mental Health Benefits
- Impact of Artificial Light on Mental Health
- UK Biobank Light Exposure Study
- Non-Pharmacological Approaches to Mental Health
- Balancing Day and Night Light for Wellbeing